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Brief History of the United States of America


The early inhabitants of America were called the Paleo Americans, and they settled in lands and villages with a variety of cultures before European colonization began.

Christopher Columbus, an Italian explorer, led an European expedition west in 1492 to find a new trade route to the far east and landed in an area later known to explorers as the “New World.”Following this discovery, more and more explorers from all over Europe began sailing west and creating settlements. In 1607, the British established the first English colony, “Jamestown,” located on the James River in Virginia, and by the late 1600’s, these colonies grew to 13, and because of the vast land and food in the region, more immigrants moved to America every year. Large tobacco and cotton plantations were set up around the time, with their workers mainly slaves from Africa, and by the 1770’s, African slaves were about one fifth of the American population. Between 1756 and 1763, the French and the British Empire fought for dominance over most American and Canadian settlements. The British Empire won the war, and this was referred to as the “7-year war.”

The Boston Tea Party in 1773 was the start of the American Revolution when Americans flooded the town of Boston to protest against taxes that were demanded of them. 


The Congress gathered leaders from all 13 colonies to create the first continental Congress to organize their resistance. The Congress petitioned the King of England on their predicament although  their appeal had no effect. So in 1775, the second Continental Congress was created in order to organize the defense of the 13 colonies against the British army. They proclaimed their Independence in 1776. That started the “American Revolutionary War” that was fought from 1775-1783. In this war, the Americans captured the British army in 1777 and encouraged Canada and the French to make a military alliance with the United States. Canada Refused and backed the British army. On the other hand, the French accepted and even brought in Spanish armies, thus increasing their military arsenal on all sides.

General George Washington was an excellent strategist that worked closely with the Congress, which made the American Revolution a success. In 1783, the nation’s independence was won and the nation was called The United States of America, with George Washington as its first president. In 1803, President Thomas Jefferson bought the Louisiana territory from the French help double the size of  USA


After four years of conflict between the South and the American Union, the Union won, and all forms of slavery were abolished.

The 20th century was a period of industrial expansion for the United States where the nation through various individuals like John Rockefeller, JP Morgan, Henry Ford, and Andrew Carnegie in the areas of petroleum, transport, banking, and automobiles, and this was part of the innovations that made America the great nation that it is today.

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