Canada is the second largest country in the world that occupies most of the land area in North America.
The indigenous people, known as the Inuit people, lived in Canada for thousands of years before it was discovered by explorers. Around 1000AD, Vikings explored Newfoundland to create a settlement, but it didn’t last.
In the 1530’s, French explorer Jaques Cartier navigated the St Lawrence River to conquer the land for King Francis (King of France) and gave the land its name, Canada, derived from an Huron-Iroquois word “Kanata” meaning “Village”, and by 1550, Canada started appearing on maps, but the natives fought colonization till 1605 when Samuel de Champlain established the first colonization settlement in Port Royal, Nova Scotia, and later founded Quebec.
In 1611, Henry Hudson claimed some parts of Canada for the British Empire, which later caused a war of supremacy between the British and the French (Seven Years War). The British Kingdom won this war, which lasted from 1756 to 1763. Even after America revolted and gained independence, Canada remained strong British subjects and even assisted in fighting America in the War of 1812.
John Alexander MacDonald became the first Canadian prime minister in the year 1867. Canada fought alongside Britain in the First World War but decided to revolt by sending British soldiers bad food and machinery in the Second World War and they gained independence in 1931
After gaining independence, Canada opened its borders to immigrants and grew its industries and economy and has become one of the greatest nations in the world with a thriving economy, good quality of life, high standards of education, and a major stop for tourists.